Cervical cancer is second cancer in women around the world common, and it remains a major cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. The condition usually affects middle-aged women or more, but it can be diagnosed in women of childbearing age.
cervical cancer develops in the lining of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus (matrix) which enters the private part of female. These cancers do not always spread, but those that do usually spread to the lungs, bladder, liver, and/or rectum.
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Cervical cancer is the easiest female cancer to prevent because there is a vaccine available and tested. The vaccine called Gardasil protects against the most dangerous types of HPV and recently published results indicate that new cervical tumors may eventually be reduced to 97% in areas where vaccination is introduced and maintained.
Treatment of cervical cancer depends on the stage of cancer, the age and general health of the woman, the quantity and shape of the tumor, and her desire to have children in the future. Proper treatment also depends on the specific clinical setting stage.
pre-invasive stages can be treated with total excisional biopsy, laser destruction, or cryosurgery. the treatment of invasive squamous cell carcinoma may include hysterectomy and radiation.